How many of each of these 4 types of leaders does your organization have? The results probably point to why change fails to live up to expectations.
Bernard Bass is the creator if this diagram. He created it in 1960! Bass believed 2 aspects of leadership best described leaders: success and effectiveness. He argued that successful leaders consistently make or exceed their budget numbers. Business success is a good thing - we need leaders to ensure our organizations are profitable.
Bass also argued that the 2nd aspect of leadership was effectives. Effective leaders represent the interests of their people as much or more than their own self-interest. Ineffective leaders use their self-interest to trump other interests, including their own people and sometimes the business. Effective leaders inspire loyal people, while ineffective leaders create turnover.
Fred Luthans collaborated with Bass at Nebraska. Of successful leaders, he said they:
“Spent relatively more time and effort socializing, politicking, and interacting with outsiders than did their less successful counterparts ... they did not give much time or attention to traditional management activities of planning, decision making, and controlling or to the human resource management activities of motivating/reinforcing, staffing, training/developing, and managing conflict.”
Luthans defined effective leaders as follows:
“The perceived quantity and quality of the performance of a manager's unit and his or her subordinates' satisfaction and commitment, then the biggest relative contribution to real manager effectiveness comes from the human oriented activities - communication and human resource management.”
How would you quantify the percentages of these 4 types of leaders in your organization?
A. _____% Successful & Effective
B. _____% Successful but Ineffective
C. _____% Unsuccessful but Effective
D. _____% Unsuccessful & Ineffective
If you have a high percentage of B’s and D’s, add that to the list of why 70% of change initiatives fail.
Bass, B. M. (1997). Does the transactional-transformational leadership paradigm transcend organizational and national boundaries? The American Psychologist, 52(2), 130-139.
Luthans, F. (1988). Successful vs. effective real managers. Academy of Management Executive, 2(2), 127-132.